Action Committee for a United States of Europe (ACUSE)
The Action Committee for a United States of Europe (ACUSE) is an interest group established by Jean Monnet in 1955 following the failure of the European Defense Community.
Jean Monnet created it as a selective group of political and trade union leaders that would work for closer European unity and it contributed to the ideas and pressures that led to the formation of theEuropean Economic Community.
After 1958, it continued to argue for more intensive integration that would include as many European countries as possible. It was led by Jean Monnet until 1975, but after the 1960s it became a less prominent organization.
On 18 January 1956, the first meeting of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe is held inParis. The Committee was founded by Jean Monnet on 13 October 1955 after he had announced his decision to resign as President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in November 1954.
The following were present at this inaugural meeting: Guy Mollet, Secretary-General of the French Section of the Workers’ International (SFIO); the Dutchman, J. A. W. Burger, Leader of the Socialist Parliamentary Group; Italo Viglianesi, Secretary-General of the Italian Labour Union; Heinrich Imig, President of the German Miners’ Union; Walter Freitag, President of the German Federation of Trade Unions; André Renard, Deputy Secretary-General of the Belgian General Federation of Labour (FGTB); the German, Martin Blank, Member of the Liberal Party in the Bundestag and Member of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC); the Frenchman, Pierre Garet, Leader of the Independent Republicans in the National Assembly; and Ugo La Malfa, Member of the Italian Republican Party.
At the end of this meeting, the Committee adopts its first resolution, in which it welcomes the work being carried out inBrusselsby the Intergovernmental Committee established by the Messina Conference and emphasizes, in particular, the importance of nuclear energy for the future European Community.